小编典典

无法自动装配字段:Spring 引导应用程序中的 RestTemplate

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在启动期间运行 Spring Boot 应用程序时出现异常:

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'testController': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate com.micro.test.controller.TestController.restTemplate; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type [org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate] found for dependency: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate for this dependency. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)}

我在我的 TestController 中自动装配 RestTemplate。我正在使用 Maven 进行依赖管理。

TestMicroServiceApplication.java

package com.micro.test;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class TestMicroServiceApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(TestMicroServiceApplication.class, args);
    }
}

TestController.java

    package com.micro.test.controller;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;

@RestController
public class TestController {

    @Autowired
    private RestTemplate restTemplate;

    @RequestMapping(value="/micro/order/{id}",
        method=RequestMethod.GET,
        produces=MediaType.ALL_VALUE)
    public String placeOrder(@PathVariable("id") int customerId){

        System.out.println("Hit ===> PlaceOrder");

        Object[] customerJson = restTemplate.getForObject("http://localhost:8080/micro/customers", Object[].class);

        System.out.println(customerJson.toString());

        return "false";
    }

}

POM.xml

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.micro.test</groupId>
    <artifactId>Test-MicroService</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>Test-MicroService</name>
    <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.3.3.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>


</project>

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2022-09-02

共1个答案

小编典典

这正是错误所说的。您没有创建任何RestTemplatebean,因此它无法自动装配任何
bean。如果你需要一个RestTemplate,你必须提供一个。例如,将以下内容添加到
TestMicroServiceApplication.java

@Bean
public RestTemplate restTemplate() {
    return new RestTemplate();
}

从 Spring boot 1.4
开始,还有一个方便的构建器,您可以自动装配并使用它来创建RestTemplatebean。好处是您可以使用构建器模式来注册拦截器、定制器……。

@Bean
public RestTemplate restTemplate(RestTemplateBuilder builder) {
    return builder.build();
}

请注意,在 Eureka 的 Spring cloud starter 的早期版本中,RestTemplate为您创建了一个 bean,但这不再是真的。

2022-09-02